The Ashura incident inspires many; Muslims as well as non-Muslims. That's what they said about Hussain.

I am more than ever convinced that it was not the sword that won a place for Islam these days. It was the definite simplicity of Hussain's complete ego-annihilation, the careful respect for promises, and his intense devotion to his friends and followers as well as his fearlessness. It was Hussain's absolute trust in God and in his own mission, and not the sword that carried everything before him and overcame every obstacle.

Mahatma Gandi, Indian freedom fighter (1869-1948)

One of the many freedom fighters inspired by the tragedy of Imam Hussain was India's Mahatma Ghandi, who in his fight against the British colonial power chose the same approach and principle of peaceful protest against injustice.

The struggle for social justice and dignity were some of the values that gave Ghandi a greater understanding of the peaceful resistance, despite Britain's vast empiricism and infinite resources, which were no less than Hussain's then based on Yazid's Umayyade Caliphate and its geographical availability.


Edward Granville Browne , British Orientalist (1862-1926)

As a professor of Arabic and Oriental Studies at the University of Cambridge, Edward Browne published several articles and books, primarily in history and literature. Browne wrote in areas that few Western scholars had studied and many of his publications related to Iran either in history or in Persian literature.


He is possibly the best known for his documentation and historical narrative.

Nicholson was educated at Aberdeen University and at the University of Cambridge, and was an associate professor of Persian from 1902–1926 and a professor of Arabic 1926–1933 at Cambridge.


He was a leading scholar of Islamic literature and mysticism. His Arabic literary history from 1907 remains a standard work on this subject in English; while his many textual editions and translations of Ṣūfī scriptures, culminating in his eight-volume Mathnawi by Jalalu'ddin Rumi (1925–40), greatly promoted the study of Muslim mystics.


Some of his versions of Arabic and Persian poetry entitle him to be considered a poet in his own right. His deep understanding of Islam and the Muslim people was the most remarkable, as he never traveled outside of Europe. Despite being shy, he proved to be an inspiring teacher and an original thinker.


Born in Scotland, Muir and older brother both served with the Indian official and were introduced to Oriental languages as part of their training.


While John specialized in Sanskrit and Hinduism, William concentrated on Arabic and Islamic studies. Both benefit their teaching with advantage as teachers and followers of Christian mission in India. William Muir's speeches included intelligence in Agra Allahabad and the governorship of the northwestern provinces (1868-1874). During his years in India, he became friends with the CMS missionary Karl Pfander (1803-1865), who encouraged him to undertake his first major piece of academic writing, The Life of Mahomet (4 vols., 1858-1865).


After retiring from political service, both Muirs returned to Edinburgh, where they continued their commitment to oriental studies and comparative religion at university. Like Edinburgh University (1857), as an educational development in principle, William Muir produced further works on the Qur'an and Islamic history and wrote numerous studies of Christian-Muslim encounters reflecting his sympathy with the controversial apology from Pfander and others.

Charles Dickens , Victorian Author (1812-1870)

Charles John Huffam Dickens en English , Victorian author and social critic, born in Landport by Portsmouth . IN 1814 moved the family to London and later to Chatham . He did not get much formal schooling, but learned a lot on the streets of London, which came to play a major role in his novels.


Dickens wanted to be a journalist, and as a 22-year-old he was hired by a London newspaper. Abroad, he wrote novels such as David Copperfield ( 1850 ), Two cities ( 1859 ) and Great expectations ( 1861 ). He used his great popularity to attack courts and boarding schools, which exploited the poor. He died in 1870 in London.

During his lifetime, his works enjoyed an unprecedented popularity. He is now considered a literary genius because he created some of the world's best-known fictional characters and is considered the greatest novelist of the Victorian era.

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Imam Hussain's revolution is one of the unique revolutions in history that has not been seen before, whether it is about religious vocations or political revolutions. The Umayyad state did not last long, and not even in the life of a normal human being. The period between the Hussain revolution and the fall of the Umayyads was no more than sixty years or a little more.

Abbas Mahmud al Aqqad , Egyptian journalist (1889-1964)

Born on June 28, 1889, in Aswān, Egypt, Abbās Maḥmūd al-Aqqād was an Egyptian journalist, poet, and literary critic who was an innovator of 20th-century Arabic poetry and critics.

Born under modest circumstances, al-ʿAqqād continued his education through reading when his formal schooling was interrupted. He supported himself throughout most of his career by writing. An outspoken political commentator, he was imprisoned for a few months in 1930–31 for remarks against the government. In 1942, with the advance of German troops, al-ʿAqqād sought refuge in Sudan as a precaution against German reprisals for his criticism of Adolf Hitler.


Al-qAqqad's literary works included poems; a novel, Sarāh (1938), based on one of his own romances and critiques of classical and modern Arabic writers. His essays show the influence of 19th century English, especially Thomas Carlyle.

No battle in the modern and past history of mankind has earned more sympathy and admiration as well as given more lessons than Hussain's martyrdom at the Battle of Karbala.

Antoine Bara , Lebanese Christian Author (1943-)

These are the words of the Christian author Antoine Bara, whose book "Hussain in Christian Ideology" had provoked both praise and provocation after its publication. In particular, his remarks that Jesus Christ had foretold about the appearance of Imam Hussain had dropped a bomb in the Christian world, and Bara had had to defend his claim.

He describes Imam Hossein with "the living and awake conscience of all religions forever". In his view, the life of Imam Hossein is most comparable to that of the Prophet Jesus. Bara believes that Ashura's mourning ceremonies and rituals keep the event alive in people's minds.

Imam Hussein's role and dared to say that Muslims did not know Hussein's worth and importance of not having learned enough from him and about him.

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Instead, in line with trends in the Middle East, South Asia and the West, blood donation campaigns have become more popular. The idea is to support Imam Husayn's fight for justice by sharing one's blood for a humanitarian cause. While campaigns in the UK have been coordinated since 1987, the blood donation campaign in Norway has been increasing for the last ten years.

Ingvild Flaskerud, Professor of Theology (1962-)

Lack of studies within Shia Islam a little over 20 years ago attracted the interest of the Norwegian student at that time.

Her research in the field of theology led to a post-doctoral degree at several prominent universities, including the University of Oslo, the University of Tromsø and the University of Bergen.


Some of her well-known works include; "Mediating Pilgrimage in Europe: Pilgrimage remembered and desired in a Norwegian home-community", "Ritual creativity and plurality: Denying Twelver Shia blood-let practices", "Visualizing Belief and Piety in Iranian Shiism" and "Gender, Religion and Change in the Middle East ".

" The model of social justice, the example of the struggle, is something we can find in all faiths, but there is a wonderful illustration in Islam."

Edward Kessler , British thinker and academic (1963 -)

Dr Edward Kessler was one of founders of The Woolf Institute along with Revd Professor Martin Forward in 1998. Their aim was to provide an academic framework and space in which people could tackle issues of religious difference constructively.

Ed Kessler is a leading thinker in inter-religious relations, primarily within Judeo-Christian-Muslim relations, and is a Fellow of St Edmund's College, Cambridge, as well as Rector of the Cambridge Theological Federation.

Dr. Edward Kessler is one of the founders of The Woolf Institute along with pastor Martin Forward in 1998. Their goal was to create an academic framework and a space where people could tackle issues of religious difference constructively.

Beginning as the Center for Judeo-Christian Relations, the institute later expanded to include the Center for the Study of Muslim-Jewish Relations - the first and only center in Europe dedicated to promoting a better understanding of the relationship between Muslims and Jews. Later, the center became a center for politics and public education. In 2010, these centers were merged under the name "Woolf Institute" in honor of Harry, Lord Woolf, former Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales.


Outside of Islamic traditions, very little is known about him. Here is an example of a spiritual leader, religious leader, political leader, who I actually think could speak much more broadly to the world. It would be nice to include Hussain in the kind of pantheon of religious greats that people often talk about; Moses, Jesus, Buddha, Mother Teresa, Martin Luther King. These names that people regularly know.

Joshua J. Ralston, Professor of Theology (1969-)

Dr. Joshua Ralston teaches Christian-Muslim Relations at the School of Divinity at the University of Edinburgh and is the director and co-founder of the Christian-Muslim Studies Network funded by the Henry Luce Foundation.


Before moving to Scotland, he was an associate professor of theology at Union Presbyterian Seminary in Richmond, Virginia. He received his bachelor's degree in philosophy from Wake Forest University before studying world Christianity in Edinburgh, divinity at the Candler School of Theology and Christian theology and Islamic thought at Emory University.

He has published widely on Reformed theology, Christian theological engagement with Islam, Arab Christianity, and on political theology. His monograph, "Law and the Rule of God: A Christian Engagement with Shari'a" was published by Cambridge University Press (2020), and he has edited two books, "Church in an Age of Global Migration: A Moving Body (Palgrave"). , 2015) "and" Religious Diversity in Europe: Comparative Political Theology "(Ferdinand Schöning, 2020).

He is currently working on a monograph: "Witness and the Word: An Approach to Christian-Muslim Dialogue".